SOCIO-ECONOMIC VOICES

For Better Social and Economic Growth: Ally with Nations of Common Interests and Invest in Accessible-for-all Health Infrastructure and Digital Education
-Sunjoy Joshi,Chairman, Observer Research Foundation (ORF)
ORF Chairman Paves the Way Ahead for a better Socio-Economic India

In an exclusive interview for Indiastat, Chairman of Observer Research Foundation (ORF), Sunjoy Joshi speaks to Senior Journalist Mahima Sharma and shares his words of advice for India. Right from India’s geo-political situation and the Afghanistan crisis 2021, to its economic situation amid the COVID19 pandemic and of course the sky rocketing fuel prices in the last few months - Mr Joshi shares all the concerns that India needs to address steadily in order to avoid an overall socio-economic crisis in days to come. Let's read his suggestions, especially the ones that might ensure that future health calamities don’t throw education and economy in the back gear.

MS: Taliban takes over Afghanistan where ISIS seems to add more crisis & chaos to the region via consistent terror attacks. Rising voices from Pakistan for the Taliban to intervene in Kashmir. Amid all this, what could be the far-reaching social and economic impact on India? And what key steps must India take to avert the same?

SJ: Afghanistan actually presents a difficult Hobson's choice not just for India, but the entire world. And when I say world, I mean everybody, including in some measure Pakistan too. Russia is worried, China is also worried. Russia is worried because this causes instability in Central Asia. You cannot have an influx of terrorism: narco-terrorism, gun running, arms smuggling. So Russia is deeply worried, as is China. The only two parties happy with an unstable Afghanistan would be the Islamic State and, not so much Pakistan, as the Pakistani generals and their ISI intelligence services. The latter are happy with an unstable Afghanistan because an unstable Afghanistan gives them the leverage to be able to punch far above their weight. It keeps them relevant. Talking of India, we must admit that India is on a weak wicket. The question of recognizing the Taliban government does not arise. So what does India do? Engage through other parties, which have a stake in a stable Afghanistan. Russia, Iran, and even China. In the long run even Pakistan would be threatened by the forces it has created there. Instability only provides a fertile breeding ground for the Islamic State, and others like them. Meanwhile India has to find partners in the region, work with those who have similar interests in maintaining stability in Afghanistan. How this will be done, whether by creating pressure upon the Taliban, or engaging with them Taliban - is something we will have to decide in consonance with many others.

MS:On the other hand, we all are aware of the West's role in elevating China, and the constraints that it placed on India. And now an unstable Afghanistan is quite important to China. In short, even the China threat looms larger now. What parallel key steps need to be taken in India to dilute this geographical and political threat?

SJ: Eventually as I have said, an unstable Afghanistan. They are both linked to each other because China has an interest in aligning itself with Pakistan to create trouble for India and India's alliances.. India needs to rebuild and strengthen other alliances in the region, alliances such as it may not have paid as much heed to in the past. Following the US withdrawal we can see that many such conversations have begun. You've had the Russian and Indian NSA having a conversation. We are in talks with the Americans, and I'm sure we are also in discussion with the Iranians who are equally worried about what a Sunni majority Taliban implies for Iranian interests in the region. These are countries that will be willing to work with India to work toward a stable Afghanistan which does not export terror.

MS: Recently we read one of your views: "The rise of the Indo-Pacific represents not only the strategic reality but also the geoeconomic contours of the 21st century." In the wake of the Taliban and China threat, what should be the Indo-Pacific strategies ahead, beyond the QUAD nations gearing up their maritime force?

SJ: For the US, as far as Afghanistan has been concerned, the Pakistan relationship has more than any relationship with India. Will this change after the events of August 2021? If Pakistan remains as important in the equation, as it was in the past, and the US refuses to see through its plans and take measures to contain them, then there is a problem between India and the US and its Indo Pacific partners in the Quad.. Australia has sent forces to fight with the allies. It has been part of Afghanistan problems, but they've all been subservient to the larger, overarching interests of the US. whose US position has been that of the NATO allies, for whom Pakistan has been more important than India. It is not possible for India to imagine an Indo-Pacific that does not include its Western starboard and after the US withdrawal that becomes even more important and is bound to impact its strategic interests.

MS: Is India ready for the 3rd wave of COVID19, especially in the paediatric wing, where supposedly the threat looms larger? And if we are not ready, what could be immediate measures towards minimal damage?

SJ: I don't know whether there's a third wave coming or not coming or when it will come, or where COVID will become endemic and stay with us and we therefore will need to learn to live with it.. I think when we talk of health policies and preparedness and readiness. It is time we realized that stable, strong health infrastructure is required not just for COVID, but for future pandemics and the larger health crisis that is very much a part of the living reality we face in India today. Besides Covid, we have incidents of the children dying because of dengue related hemorrhagic fever and other ailments. The larger challenge remains that of a weak health infrastructure. That is not something that can improve overnight. Can we have a healthy population, a healthy young population, and a sound human resource to take us into the 21st century? We need to learn our lessons from COVID and plan better. Let us build a resilient infrastructure that can battle not just COVID but the many health problems that lie in wait for us.

MS: India struggles to recover from the COVID19 pandemic, given the uncertain and unequal economic recovery. What's your take on it, especially towards the corrective measures that need to be taken on an immediate basis?

SJ: COVID has been a huge learning experience not just for India, but for the world as well. It has exposed the weakness of global supply chains across manufacturing as also across health and vaccination. It has taught us the importance of resilience. Taught the world not to put all its eggs in one basket viz, China. And that is precisely one initiative the QUAD has taken. To be prepared, to be ready we must be hedging our bets.

MS: How must India be reshaping its educational curriculum, its related technology and pedagogy to reach out to the children/youth that have been left behind by two years due to lack of means and resources?

SJ: The first challenge that India faces, along with many other countries, is about bridging the huge digital divide. You cannot have successful online learning or distance education given the widening gap between the haves and the have nots. Education has become a function of poverty, if you are poor, you will have access only to poor quality education. If we are talking about the use of technology in education, we have to be prepared to invest more. We need to create incentives that ensure access to data and services at the last cost. India today has the cheapest telecom services anywhere in the world; the lowest cost of data anywhere in the world. India has to make sure that this is available not just to the metros but deep into the villages, and that everyone has access to basic devices that provide universal and equal access to data and education. That having been said there's no substitute for actual face to face education. No avoiding the fact that education is a process of socialization, it is not a technology process. Let us not become overly optimistic that technology will deliver all the solutions. we have to find a via media where both coexist.

MS: India's ongoing smart cities project, its degrading green cover amid rising calamities. All this despite a repeated call from the BRICS experts to enhance green energy power. What's your advice on this situation?

SJ: There is always this battle ongoing between development and sustainability. Any project that increases your energy footprint at the moment is going to increase your carbon footprint. Whether it is smart cities, whether it is raising manufacturing, whether expanding services and whether expanding the health infrastructure. Given the state of the existing energy economy, any expansion will make our carbon footprint bigger. So first, we have to lower the carbon footprint of our production as well as our energy consumption. Again, that is not something that happens overnight, that is something that takes time. It is something for which we need to plan a transition. There needs to be a conversation between countries on the pathways to this energy transition. Unfortunately, that is the conversation that is not taking place. We still talk in terms of all nothing, as if it were a zero-sum game. The transition plan must be discussed; how it is to be implemented must be discussed. The problems with the transition plan must be on the table, must be part of that conversation and be addressed as problems, and not be dismissed.

MS: The gap in electricity supply and demand for renewable sources of energy is increasing in BIMSTEC nations. In this situation, what key strategies would you like India to adopt to stride ahead in a better and faster manner?

SJ: India today has an international solar alliance and is recognized as a leader. India rapidly scaled up its Solar Photovoltaic capacity. But it is time we thought further. First of all (this is not just for India, but for all with respect to the green transition). We have to be technology agnostic. The world of energy has indeed been all about disruption, so let not allow policy to pick winners and losers. Technology has constantly come forward to change the constitution of what resources rule our energy consumption. A green transition is different from greenwashing. As long as our grid is going to be coal based, without a credible road map for the adoption and actual absorption of green energy into the grid, electric vehicles compound the problem. They end up increasing your carbon footprint. The same holds for Hydrogen based fuels. Both electricity and hydrogen are mere carriers of energy; they are not primary sources. For a proper green transition the source of electricity or hydrogen must be green, otherwise we are only greenwashing and window dressing.

MS: What's your take on the economics of current oil prices and future scenarios in context to Indian taxation on petroleum products that are out of GST?

SJ: Since 2015, that is when international crude prices started falling, India has been one of the few countries which have always made sure that prices remained substantially high. Because whenever international prices fall, India collects more in taxes. That is a very controversial policy decision. Because the fact is that if your fuel costs rise, your cost of manufacturing rises, the cost of transportation rises. You are actually fueling inflation, you are impacting the GDP. At the end of it all, these factors weigh on economic growth and the country actually collects less and less taxes. So, a fuel taxation policy that impacts growth cannot be very healthy for a growing economy. In India, the problem has been compounded because fuel, especially oil and gas are out of the purview of GST. What does that mean? That means that though energy is an extremely important input into any manufacturing service, you do not have input tax credit available for a major input cost. So, that is raising the cost of service, that is raising the cost of manufacturing, that is against the grain of doing business. That is making us non-competitive in the global market. We must rationalize fuel prices and taxation policies. If you're talking about one nation, one tax, energy which is such a large component of this economy cannot be kept out of it.

MS: You once wrote: Governments need dissent. Dissent is the lifeblood of a democracy. What's your viewpoint when you go back to this statement, in the wake of the ongoing farmers' protest and no solution to it, running parallel with the new social media & media laws?

SJ: My take is simple. In a democracy, the laws need to be debated and discussed in the parliament and the various specialized committees of the Parliament. If we can do that properly, then they do not need to be discussed on the streets. Unfortunately, that is not happening. Either the laws have been discussed in closed chambers of the executive or then they spill on to the streets. There does not seem to be any dialogue between the two sides - between the government and the opposition on how to basically agree on the fundamental norms of legislative democracy. It is important to establish the sanctity of the legislature, as far as laws are concerned.

As far as social media is concerned - the second part of the question: There is I don't think anybody today who would disagree social media needs to be regulated. But the point is what kind of regulation? The right balance between regulation and autocracy becomes extremely important and that is a negotiation that will need to take place between civil society and the government, which is an ongoing process. We do not have at the moment a credible vision or the proposal on the table. So let us go ahead and see how this shapes up.

About Sunjoy Joshi, ORF Chairman

Mr. Sunjoy Joshi Heads the Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi as its Chairman and Chief Executive. He has over the last 10 years spearheaded the rise of the ORF as India's premier think tank and window into the world of Global Affairs.

He joined the Madhya Pradesh Cadre of the Indian Administrative Services in 1983. Took premature retirement in 2009 in order to pursue his academic interests. He has been Visiting Associate at the International Institute of Strategic Studies, London and Distinguished Visitor to the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development, University of Stanford, USA. He speaks, publishes and comments on the world of technology, energy, and development, framing them in the context of global shifts and the challenges to growth and employment faced by emerging economies. Has a regular YouTube commentary on Global and Current Affairs called 'India's World' which is also available as a podcast.

About the Interviewer

Mahima Sharma is an Independent Journalist based in Delhi NCR. She has been in the field of TV, Print & Online Journalism since 2005 and previously an additional three years in allied media. In her span of work she has been associated with CNN-News18, ANI - Asian News International (A collaboration with Reuters), Voice of India, Hindustan Times and various other top media brands of their times. In recent times, she has diversified her work as a Digital Media Marketing Consultant & Content Strategist as well. Mahima can be reached at media@indiastat.com

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Socio-Economic News
Key Economic Indicators of India
(Week ending Saturday 16thOctober, 2021)

This section gives information about Key Economic Indicators in the country, with weekly updates.

Indicator Current Year Ago
INFLATION
All Commodities 10.66 1.32

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (10.66)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (11.39)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (1.32)

Primary Articles 4.1 4.06

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (4.10)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (6.20)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (4.06)

Food Articles -4.69 8.37

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (-4.69)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (-1.29)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (8.37)

Non-Food Articles 29.4 -1.81

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (29.40)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (28.76)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-1.81)

Minerals 28.8 -6.01

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (28.80)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (14.50)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-6.01)

Fuel & Power 24.81 -8.65

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (24.81)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (26.09)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-8.65)

Manufactured Products 11.41 1.87

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (11.41)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (11.39)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (1.87)

Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas 56.06 -22.36

Inflation YoY (In %) Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of May, 2021 (56.06)
Previous : For the month of April, 2021 (79.56)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (-22.36)

Consumer Price Indices (CPI) 4.35 7.27

Consumer Price Indices (CPI) Inflation (In %) on Base : 2012=100

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (4.35)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (5.30)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (7.27)

NATIONAL INCOME
GVA at Basic Price 18.77 -22.37

Gross Value Added Growth Rate (In %) At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (18.77)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (3.72)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (-22.37)

Per Capita Income on NNI 86659 94566

In Rs. (At Constant 2011-12 Prices)

Current :For the year 2020-2021 (86659)
Previous : For the year 2019-2020 (94566)
Year Ago : For the year 2018-2019 (92241)

GDP
GDP 20.13 -24.43

Gross Domestic Product Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (20.13)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (1.64)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (-24.43)

GDP from Agriculture 4.52 3.54

Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Factor Cost- At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (4.52)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (3.10)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (3.54)

GDP from Industry 46.15 -35.83

Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Factor Cost- At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (46.15)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (7.93)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (-35.83)

GDP from Services 11.42 -21.46

Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Factor Cost- At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (11.42)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (1.50)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (-21.46)

GDP Annual Growth Rate -7.3 4

Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Factor Cost- At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :For the 2020-2021 (-7.3)
Previous : For the 2019-2020 (4.0)
Year Ago : For the 2018-2019 (6.1)

GST
Gross Collections 112020 86449

(Figures in Rs. in Crore)

Current :As on 31st August 2021 (112020)
Previous : As on 31st July 2021 (116393)
Year Ago : As on 31st August 2020 (86449)

Returns Filed 90 87

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 31st January 2021 (90.00)
Previous : As on 31st December 2020 (87.00)
Year Ago : As on 31st January 2020 (83.00)

Public Finance
Total Receipts 125375 144446

(GoI Union Govt. Accounts Monthly Trend Revenue Receipts Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (125375)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (135898)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (144446)

Total Expenditure 272241 193444

(GoI Union Govt. Accounts Monthly Trend Total Expenditure Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (272241)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (182796)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (193444)

Fiscal Deficit 146866 48998

(GoI, Union Govt. Accounts, Monthly Trend, Fiscal Deficit, Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (146866)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (46898)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (48998)

FOREIGN TRADE & INVESTMENT
Export 33.79 27.56

(US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (33.79)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (33.28)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (27.56)

Import 56.39 30.52

(US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (56.39)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (47.09)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (30.52)

Trade Balance -22.59 -2.96

(US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (-22.59)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (-13.81)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-2.96)

FDI Inflow 8.3 23.6

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Inflows (US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (8.30)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (0.65)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (23.60)

NRI Investment 141.52 137.81

US $ Billion

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (141.52)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (141.79)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (137.81)

FPI Investment 27755.71 -1196.38

Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPI) (Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (27755.71)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (16555.95)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-1196.38)

Forex Reserves 637.48 545.64

(US $ Billion)

Current :As on 01st October, 2021 (637.48)
Previous : As on 03rd September, 2021 (642.45)
Year Ago : As on 02nd October, 2020 (545.64)

Balance of Payment (BoP)
Credit 336.07 334.31

US $ Billion

Current :04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2021 (2020-2021) (336.07)
Previous : 03rd Quarter Oct.-Dec. 2020 (2020-2021) (337.70)
Year Ago : 04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2020 (2019-2020) (334.31)

Debit 332.68 315.52

US $ Billion

Current :04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2021 (2020-2021) (332.68)
Previous : 03rd Quarter Oct.-Dec. 2020 (2020-2021) (305.21)
Year Ago : 04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2020 (2019-2020) (315.52)

Net 3.39 18.79

US $ Billion

Current :04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2021 (2020-2021) (3.39)
Previous : 03rd Quarter Oct.-Dec. 2020 (2020-2021) (32.48)
Year Ago : 04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2020 (2019-2020) (18.79)

EXCHANGE RATES
Rs. Per 1 USD 75.34 73.42

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (75.34)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (73.65)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (73.42)

Rs. Per 1 GBP 103.43 94.98

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (103.43)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (100.92)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (94.98)

Rs. Per 1 EURO 87.2 85.97

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (87.20)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (86.28)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (85.97)

Rs. Per 100 YEN 65.93 85.97

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (65.93)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (67.04)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (85.97)

BULLION RATES
Standard Gold 47379 51023

(Rs. per 10 Grams)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (47379)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (46282)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (51023)

Silver 63186 62540

(Rs. per Kilogram)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (63186)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (59714)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (62540)

CAPITAL MARKET
BSE Sensex 61716.05 40431.6

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (61716.05)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (58490.93)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (40431.60)

NSE Nifty 18477.05 11873.05

(S&P CNX Nifty)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (18477.05)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (17396.90)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (11873.05)

INSURANCE
Gross Direct Premium Underwritten by Non-Life Insurers 22226.4 22870.82

(Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (22226.40)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (21871.65)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (22870.82)

First Year Premium of Life Insurers
Premium 31001.17 25366.32

(Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (31001.17)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (27820.74)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (25366.32)

Policies/Schemes 24.47 22.91

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (24.47)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (23.81)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (22.91)

Lives Covered under Group Schemes 184.28 124.88

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (184.28)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (159.68)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (124.88)

INDEX OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION (IIP)
Sectoral
General 11.9 -7.1

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (11.90)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11.50)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-7.10)

Mining 23.6 -8.7

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (23.60)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (19.50)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-8.70)

Manufacturing 9.7 -7.6

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (9.70)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (10.50)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-7.60)

Electricity 16 -1.8

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (16.00)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11.10)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-1.80)

Use-Based
Primary Goods 17 -10.7

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (17.00)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (12.40)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-10.70)

Capital Goods 19.9 -14.4

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (19.90)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (29.50)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-14.40)

Intermediate Goods 10.3 -4.8

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (10.30)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (14.10)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-4.80)

Infrastructure / Construction Goods 11.1 0

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (11.10)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11.60)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (0.00)

Consumer Durables 8 -10.2

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (8.00)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (20.20)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-10.20)

Consumer Non-Durables 5.2 -3

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (5.20)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (-1.80)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-3.00)

INDEX OF EIGHT CORE INDUSTRIES
Overall Index 11.56 -6.9

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (11.56)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (9.94)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-6.90)

Coal 20.59 3.6

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (20.59)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (18.81)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (3.60)

Crude Oil -2.29 -6.27

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (-2.29)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (-3.22)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-6.27)

Natural Gas 20.63 -9.48

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (20.63)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (18.99)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-9.48)

Refinery Products 9.05 -19.15

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (9.05)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (6.70)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-19.15)

Fertilizers -3.1 7.29

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (-3.10)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (0.54)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (7.29)

Steel 5.07 0.47

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (5.07)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (9.38)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (0.47)

Cement 36.29 -14.52

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (36.29)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (21.69)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-14.52)

Electricity 15.34 -1.83

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (15.34)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11.03)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-1.83)

TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Telephone Subscribers 1187.9 1180.84

(Total Wireless+Wireline Telephone Subscribers in Million)

Current :As on 28th February, 2021 (1187.90)
Previous : As on 31st January, 2021 (1179.49)
Year Ago : As on 29th February, 2020 (1180.84)

Broadband Subscribers
Wireless Subscribers 742.84 662.04

(In Million)

Current :As on 28th February, 2021 (742.84)
Previous : As on 31st January, 2021 (734.94)
Year Ago : As on 29th February, 2020 (662.04)

Total Broadband Subscribers 765.09 681.11

(In Million)

Current :As on 28th February, 2021 (1187.90)
Previous : As on 31st January, 2021 (1179.49)
Year Ago : As on 29th February, 2020 (1180.84)

Wireline Subscribers 22.26 19.07

(In Million)

Current :As on 28th February, 2021 (22.26)
Previous : As on 31st January, 2021 (22.67)
Year Ago : As on 29th February, 2020 (19.07)

FTTH Connections 5.1 0

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 14th June, 2021 (5.10)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Dark Fibre 26610.76 0

(In Km)

Current :As on 14th June, 2021 (26610.76)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Active Users (Wi-Fi/FTTH) 15.72 0

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 14th June, 2021 (15.72)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Telephone Subscribers
Overall Tele-density 88.51 86.03

(In %age)

Current :As on 31st July, 2021 (88.51)
Previous : As on 30th June, 2021 (88.07)
Year Ago : As on 31st July, 2020 (86.03)

BharatNet
Wi-Fi Hotspot Installed (GPs) 1.04 0

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 21st June, 2021 (1.04)
Previous :
Year Ago :

ENERGY GENERATION
Bhutan Import 146.6 258

(GWH)

Current :For the month of April, 2021 (146.60)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (128.70)
Year Ago : For the month of April, 2020 (258.00)

Plant Load Factor (PLF)
Thermal 66.56 66.56

(In %)

Current :For the month of April, 2021 (66.56)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (66.64)
Year Ago : For the month of April, 2020 (66.56)

Nuclear 68.91 68.91

(In %)

Current :For the month of April, 2021 (68.91)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (62.67)
Year Ago : For the month of April, 2020 (68.91)

Total Energy Generation 108350.51 110211.86

(GWH)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (108350.51)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (120977.56)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (110211.86)

Thermal 85403.75 85987.6

(GWH)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (85403.75)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (96231.97)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (85987.60)

Nuclear 3792.8 3881.96

(GWH)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (3792.80)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (3139.88)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (3881.96)

Hydro 17817.99 18890.42

(GWH)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (17817.99)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (20269.91)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (18890.42)

Renewable Energy Generation
Wind 6425.95 4492.66

(MU)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (6425.95)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (9348.92)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (4492.66)

Solar 5111.09 4082.99

(MU)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (5111.09)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (5449.51)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (4082.99)

PETROLEUM PRICES
Crude Oil Prices 73.13 41.35

Crude Oil Price (Indian Basket) ($/bbl.)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (73.13)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (69.80)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (41.35)

Retail Selling Price (RSP) of Petrol (Rs./Litre)
Delhi 105.84 81.06

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (105.84)
Previous : As on 18th September, 2021 (101.19)
Year Ago : As on 18th October, 2020 (81.06)

Mumbai 111.77 87.74

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (111.77)
Previous : As on 18th September, 2021 (107.26)
Year Ago : As on 18th October, 2020 (87.74)

Chennai 103.01 84.14

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (103.01)
Previous : As on 18th September, 2021 (98.96)
Year Ago : As on 18th October, 2020 (84.14)

Kolkata 106.43 82.59

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (106.43)
Previous : As on 18th September, 2021 (101.62)
Year Ago : As on 18th October, 2020 (82.59)

Retail Selling Price (RSP) of Diesel (Rs./Litre)
Delhi 94.57 70.46

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (94.57)
Previous : As on 18th September, 2021 (88.62)
Year Ago : As on 18th October, 2020 (70.46)

Mumbai 102.52 76.86

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (102.52)
Previous : As on 18th September, 2021 (96.19)
Year Ago : As on 18th October, 2020 (76.86)

Chennai 98.92 75.95

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (98.92)
Previous : As on 18th September, 2021 (93.26)
Year Ago : As on 18th October, 2020 (75.95)

Kolkata 97.68 73.99

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 18th October, 2021 (97.68)
Previous : As on 18th September, 2021 (91.71)
Year Ago : As on 18th October, 2020 (73.99)

RETAIL PRICE OF SELECTED FOOD COMMODITIES
Arhar (Split)
Delhi 115 90

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (115)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (115)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (90)

Mumbai 112 98

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (112)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (110)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (98)

Kolkata 115 105

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (115)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (115)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (105)

Chennai 135 110

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (135)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (135)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (110)

Masur (Split)
Delhi 98 75

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (98)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (83)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (75)

Mumbai 100 82

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (100)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (94)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (82)

Kolkata 110 97

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (110)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (110)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (97)

Chennai 108 90

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (108)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (110)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (90)

Mustard Oil
Delhi 200 128

(In Kg/Litre)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (200)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (170)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (128)

Mumbai 200 140

(In Kg/Litre)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (200)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (180)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (140)

Kolkata 180 120

(In Kg/Litre)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (180)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (170)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (120)

Chennai 210 140

(In Kg/Litre)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (210)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (200)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (140)

Onion
Delhi 35 45

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (35)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (25)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (45)

Mumbai 44 50

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (44)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (20)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (50)

Kolkata 45 50

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (45)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (35)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (50)

Chennai 50 50

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (50)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (30)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (50)

Potato
Delhi 25 45

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (25)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (25)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (45)

Mumbai 20 32

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (20)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (20)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (32)

Kolkata 15 35

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (15)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (13)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (35)

Chennai 30 40

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (30)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (30)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (40)

Rice (Common/Coarse)
Delhi 45 42

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (45)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (47)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (42)

Mumbai 34 32

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (34)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (30)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (32)

Kolkata 32 30

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (32)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (32)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (30)

Chennai 45 48

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (45)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (47)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (48)

Sugar
Delhi 43 38

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (43)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (43)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (38)

Mumbai 42 42

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (42)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (41)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (42)

Kolkata 44 40

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (44)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (42)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (40)

Chennai 46 42

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (46)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (46)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (42)

Tomato
Delhi 55 45

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (55)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (20)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (45)

Mumbai 40 40

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (40)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (16)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (40)

Kolkata 70 70

(In Kg)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (70)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (45)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (70)

Chennai 50 40

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (50)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (25)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (40)

Wheat (Kalyan HYV)
Delhi 25 26

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (25)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (25)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (26)

Mumbai 34 24

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (34)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (32)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (24)

Kolkata 27 27

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 13th August, 2021 (27)
Previous : As on 16th July, 2021 (27)
Year Ago : As on 10th July, 2020 (27)

Chennai 42 53

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (42)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (40)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (53)

WAGE RATES
Average Daily Wage Rates For General Agricultural Labourers
Men 319.8 311.96

(In Rs.)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (319.80)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (318.82)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (311.96)

Women 250.42 243.4

(In Rs.)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (250.42)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (249.56)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (243.40)

Average Daily Wage Rates For General Non-Agricultural Labourers
Men 323.35 316.04

(In Rs.)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (323.35)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (322.60)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (316.04)

Women 236 233.39

(In Rs.)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (236.00)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (235.88)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (233.39)

BANKING & FINANCE
Banking Performance
Reporting Offices 1.5 1.49

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of June, 2021 (1.50)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (1.50)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (1.49)

Deposit 155393.09 141274.83

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of June, 2021 (155393.09)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (154399.70)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (141274.83)

CD Ratio 70.46 73.14

(In %age)

Current :For the month of June, 2021 (70.46)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (71.47)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (73.14)

Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) 2.41 2.33

(Nos. in Lakh)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (2.41)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (2.40)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (2.33)

Points of Sale (PoS) 47.48 43.55

(Nos. in Lakh)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (47.48)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (46.08)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (43.55)

Digital Transaction
Mobile Banking Transactions 11365.46 6752.77

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (11365.46)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11493.40)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (6752.77)

National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT) 22098.18 19305.52

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (22098.18)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (22043.03)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (19305.52)

Banking Performance
Credit 109486.14 103332.31

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of June, 2021 (109486.14)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (110353.47)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (103332.31)

Digital Transaction
Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) 101600.93 72923.8

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (101600.93)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (107413.14)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (72923.80)

Credit Cards Usage at ATMs/PoS 779.81 505.03

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (779.81)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (751.20)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (505.03)

Debit Cards Usage at ATMs/PoS 3273.85 2904.48

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (3273.85)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (3149.11)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (2904.48)

Gross Bank Credit by Major Sectors
Total Gross Bank Credit 108974.63 102161.58

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (108974.63)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (109104.16)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (102161.58)

Food Credit 688.01 659.41

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (688.01)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (774.78)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (659.41)

Non-food Credit 108020.9 102207.72

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 23rd April, 2021 (108020.90)
Previous : As on 26th March, 2021 (108903.07)
Year Ago : As on 24th April, 2020 (102207.72)

Agriculture & Allied Activities (Non-food Credit) 13042.7 11716.79

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (13042.70)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (13180.24)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (11716.79)

Micro & Small Medium and Large Industry (Non-food Credit) 28196.01 27575.26

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (28196.01)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (28248.55)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (27575.26)

Services (Non-food Credit) 25923.46 25604.89

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 23rd April, 2021 (25923.46)
Previous : As on 26th March, 2021 (26305.66)
Year Ago : As on 24th April, 2020 (25604.89)

Personal Loans (Non-food Credit) 28104.19 24957.88

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 23rd April, 2021 (28104.19)
Previous : As on 26th March, 2021 (28137.13)
Year Ago : As on 24th April, 2020 (24957.88)

Money Stock Measures
Currency in Circulation 29439.46 26805.47

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (29439.46)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (29466.49)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (26805.47)

Cash on Hand with Banks 1130.55 974.36

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (1130.55)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (1074.25)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (974.36)

Currency with the Public 28308.91 25831.11

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (28308.91)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (28392.24)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (25831.11)

Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs)
m-Wallet 177.12 130

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (177.12)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (170.53)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (130.00)

PPI Cards 49.19 38.08

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (49.19)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (37.53)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (38.08)

Retail Payments on NPCI 18921.9 13546.17

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (18921.90)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (18578.52)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (13546.17)

Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) 3240.94 2486.62

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (3240.94)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (3202.03)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (2486.62)

Unified Payments Interface (UPI)
UPI 6543.52 3290.28

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (6543.52)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (6391.17)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (3290.28)

BHIM 75.23 63.81

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (75.23)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (80.47)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (63.81)

USSD 2.0 0.16 0.14

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (0.16)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (0.17)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (0.14)

UPI excl. BHIM & USSD 6468.13 3226.32

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (6468.13)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (6310.53)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (3226.32)

TOURISM
Tourism Receipts 0.79 2.33

Foreign Exchange Earnings from Tourism (In US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of March, 2020 (0.79)
Previous : For the month of February, 2020 (2.56)
Year Ago : For the month of March, 2019 (2.33)

Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) 0.69 0.0047

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of April, 2021 (0.69)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (1.23)
Year Ago : For the month of April, 2020 (0.00470)

e-Tourist Visa 0.99 3.58

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of March, 2021 (0.99)
Previous : For the month of February, 2021 (3.58)
Year Ago : For the month of March, 2020 (2.82)

TRANSPORT
Ports
Traffic Handled At Major Sea Ports 57591 51683

(In ^000 Tonnes)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (57591)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (55026)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (51683)

Air Traffic
Aircraft Movement 1.38 0.75

(Total International + Domestic Aircraft Movement at Indian Airports In Lakh)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (1.38)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (1.15)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (0.75)

Passenger Movements 142.59 61.64

(Total International + Domestic Passengers Traffic at Indian Airports In Lakh)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (142.59)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (105.32)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (61.64)

Freight Movements 264509 204247

(Total International + Domestic Passengers Traffic at Indian Airports In MT)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (264509)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (259168)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (204247)

Railways
Passengers Booked 256.04 22.27

No. in Millions

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (256.04)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (191.89)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (22.27)

Originating Revenue Loading 110.43 94.5

In Million Tonnes

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (110.43)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (112.47)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (94.50)

SOCIAL SECURITY
NPS Subscribers
New Subscribers 0.5 0.35

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (0.50)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (0.78)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (0.35)

Existing Subscribers 6827.7 5958.46

In Thousand Nos.

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (6827.70)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (6676.30)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (5958.46)

EPF Members
New EPF Subscribers 9.02 6.96

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (9.02)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (8.51)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (6.96)

Number of Members Exited 3.77 9.66

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (3.77)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (5.97)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (9.66)

Number of Exited Members who Rejoined and Resubscribed 9.39 7.73

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (9.39)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (8.62)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (7.73)

Net Payroll 14.65 5.03

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (14.65)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (11.16)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (5.03)

ESI Members
Newly Registered Employees 13.21 7.42

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (13.21)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (10.58)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (7.42)

Existing Employees 2.45 2.08

(In Crore Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (2.45)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (2.36)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (2.08)

KEY SOCIAL SCHEMES
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
Total Enrollments 23.26 0

(In Crore Nos.)

Current :As on 31.03.2021 (23.26)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Claims Disbursed 45.47 0

(In '000 Nos.)

Current :As on 31.03.2021 (45.47)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Pradhan Mantri Jan - Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
No of Beneficiaries 43.57 40.98

(In Crore Nos.)

Current :As on 06th October, 2021 (43.57)
Previous : As on 08th September, 2021 (43.29)
Year Ago : As on 07th October, 2020 (40.98)

Deposits in Accounts 145811.5 130360.53

(Rs. in Crore)

Current :As on 06th October, 2021 (145811.50)
Previous : As on 08th September, 2021 (145050.76)
Year Ago : As on 07th October, 2020 (130360.53)

Rupay Debit Card Issued 31.56 30.06

(In Crore Nos.)

Current :As on 06th October, 2021 (31.56)
Previous : As on 08th September, 2021 (31.36)
Year Ago : As on 07th October, 2020 (30.06)

COMPANIES
Registered Companies 22.03 20.31

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 31st July, 2021 (22.03)
Previous : As on 30th June, 2021 (21.87)
Year Ago : As on 31st July, 2020 (20.31)

Closed Companies 7.64 7.47

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 31st July, 2021 (7.64)
Previous : As on 30th June, 2021 (7.63)
Year Ago : As on 31st July, 2020 (7.47)

COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19 Cases
Confirmed Cases 34.09 7.55

(In Million)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (34.09)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (33.45)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (7.55)

Active Cases 0.18 0.77

(In Million)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (0.18)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (0.33)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (0.77)

Recovered 33.46 6.66

(In Million)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (33.46)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (32.67)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (6.66)

Recovery Rate 98.14 88.26

(In %age)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (98.14)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (97.68)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (88.26)

Deaths 0.45 0.11

(In Million)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (0.45)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (0.44)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (0.11)

Fatality Rates 1.33 1.52

(In %age)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (1.33)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (1.33)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (1.52)

Vaccination
Age Group 18-44 Years (1st Dose) 31.74 1.78

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (31.74)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (1.78)
Year Ago : -

Age Group 18-44 Years (2nd Dose) 0.32 0

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (0.32)
Previous : -
Year Ago : -

Age Group 45-60 Years (1st Dose) 72.55 55.05

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (72.55)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (55.05)
Year Ago : -

Age Group 45-60 Years (2nd Dose) 11.53 6.37

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (11.53)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (6.37)
Year Ago : -

Age Group Over 60 Years (1st Dose) 61.28 53.62

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (61.28)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (53.62)
Year Ago : -

Age Group Over 60 Years (2nd Dose) 19.44 14.82

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (19.44)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (14.82)
Year Ago : -

Age not Classified (1st Dose) 26.38 23.47

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (26.38)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (23.47)
Year Ago : -

Age not Classified (2nd Dose) 15.62 14.18

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (15.62)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (14.18)
Year Ago : -

1st Dose (Beneficiaries Vaccinated) 191.94 133.92

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (191.94)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (133.92)
Year Ago : -

2nd Dose (Beneficiaries Vaccinated) 46.9 35.38

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th May, 2021 (46.90)
Previous : As on 08th April, 2021 (35.38)
Year Ago : -

Total Beneficiaries Vaccinated 238.84 169.3

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (238.84)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (169.30)
Year Ago : -

Vaccinated Ratio 17.42 12.35

(Per hundred Population)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (17.42)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (12.35)
Year Ago : -

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